First Telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
174,465

Significant

Historical Patents

of the
United States
© 1998 - 2014 Mall USA, Inc.

by Jim Bieberich, Patent Historian

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s s m
Patent # Type Granted Claims Inventor Description
X000001 U 07/31/1790 1 Samuel Hopkins First U.S. Patent
Pot Ash
X000072 U 03/14/1794 1 Eli Whitney Cotton Gin
Cotton Gin
X000177 U 06/26/1797 1 Charles Newbold Cast Iron Plough
Cast Iron Plough
X008277 U 06/21/1834 1 Cyrus H. McCormick Reaper
Reaper
X009430 U 02/25/1836 8 Samuel Colt Revolver
Revolving Gun
1 U 07/13/1836 3 J. Ruggles First Numbered Patent
Traction Wheels
132 U 02/25/1837 1 Thomas Davenport Electric Motor
Electric Motor
169 U 04/20/1837 6 Erastus B. Bigelow Power Carpet Loom
Loom
1,304 U,d 08/29/1839 9 Samuel Colt Revolver
Improvement in Fire-Arms and in the Apparatus Used Therewith
1,647 U 06/20/1840 9 Samuel F. B. Morse Morse Code
Improvement in the Mode of Communicating Information by Signals by the Application of Electro-Magnetism
3,633 U 06/15/1844 3 Charles Goodyear Vulcanized Rubber
Improvement in India-Rubber Fabrics
4,750
re 1,154
U
R
09/10/1846
03/19/1861
5
8
Elias Howe, Jr. Sewing Machine
Improvement in Sewing-Machines
Sewing Machine
Improvement in Sewing-Machines
4,834 U 11/04/1846 3 Benjamin Franklin Palmer Artificial Limb
Artificial Leg
4,848 U 11/12/1846 1 Charles T. Jackson
William T. G. Morton
Anesthesia
Improvement In Surgical Operations
4,874 U 12/05/1846 1 Christian Frederick Schonbein Guncotton
Improvement in Preparation of Cotton-Wool and Other Substances as Substitutes for Gunpowder
5,199 U 07/24/1847 4 Richard M. Hoe Rotary Printing Press
Improvement in Rotary Printing-Presses
6,281 U 04/10/1849 1 Walter Hunt Safety Pin
Dress-Pin
9,300 U 10/05/1852 5 Lorenzo L. Langstroth Beehive
Beehive
13,661 U 10/09/1855 2 Isaac M. Singer Shuttle Sewing Machine
Improvement In Sewing-Machines
15,553 U 08/19/1856 1 Gail Borden, Jr. Condensed Milk
Improvement in Concentration of Milk
17,628 U 06/23/1857 1 William Kelly Iron and Steel Manufacturing
Improvement in the Manufacture of Iron
26,196 U 11/22/1859 1 James J. Mapes Artificial Fertilizer
Improvement in Fertilizers
31,128 U 01/15/1861 4 Elisha Graves Otis Elevator
Improvement in Hoisting Apparatus
31,278 U 01/29/1861 8 Linus Yale, Jr. Lock
Lock
36,836 U 11/04/1862 5 Richard J. Gatling Machine Gun
Improvement in Revolving Battery-Guns
59,915 U 11/20/1866 1 Pierre Lallement Bicycle
Improvement in Velocipedes
78,317 U,a 05/26/1868 1 Alfred Nobel Dynamite
Improved Explosive Compound
79,265 U 06/23/1868 5 C. Latham Sholes
Carlos Glidden
Samuel W. Soule
Typewriter
Improvement in Type-Writing Machines
79,965 U 07/14/1868 3 Alvin J. Fellows Spring Tape Measure
Improvement in Tape Measures
91,145 U 06/08/1869 3 Ives W. McGaffey Vacuum Cleaner
Improved Sweeping-Machine
110,971 U 01/17/1871 4 Andrew Smith Hallidie Cable Car
Improvement in Endless-Wire-Rope Ways
135,245 U 01/28/1873 1 Louis Pasteur Pasteurization
Brewing Beer and Ale
157,124 U 11/24/1874 1 Joseph F. Glidden Barbed Wire
Improvement in Wire-Fences
174,465 U 03/07/1876 5 Alexander Graham Bell Telephone
Improvement In Telegraphy
194,047 U 08/14/1877 6 Nicolaus August Otto Internal Combustion Engine
Improvement in Gas-Motor Engines
200,521 U 02/19/1878 4 Thomas Alva Edison Phonograph
Improvement in Phonograph or Speaking Machines
223,898 U,c 01/27/1880 4 Thomas Alva Edison First Incandescent Light
Electric Lamp
224,573 U 02/17/1880 5 Emile Berliner Microphone
Microphone
237,664 U 02/08/1881 2 Frederic E. Ives Halftone Printing Plate
Method of Producing Impressions in Line or Stipple from Photographic Negatives
304,272 U 08/26/1884 15 Ottmar Mergenthaler Linotype
Matrix-Making Machine
347,140 U 08/10/1886 8 Elihu Thomson Electric Welder
Apparatus for Electric Welding
371,496 U 10/11/1887 22 Dorr E. Felt Adding Machine
Adding-Machine
372,786 U 11/08/1887 3 Emile Berliner Phonograph Record
Gramophone
373,064 U 11/15/1887 1 Carl Gassner, Jr. Dry Cell Battery
Galvanic Battery
382,280 U 05/01/1888 1 Nikola Tesla A. C. Induction Motor
Electrical Transmission of Power
388,116 U 08/21/1888 44 William S. Burroughs Calculator
Calculating-Machine
388,850 U 09/04/1888 41 George Eastman Roll Film Camera
Camera
395,782 U 01/08/1889 2 Herman Hollerith Computer
Art of Compiling Statistics
400,664 U 04/02/1889 2 Charles M. Hall Aluminum Manufacture
Process of Reducing Aluminum from its Fluoride Salts by Electrolysis
430,212 U 06/17/1890 3 Hiram Stevens Maxim Smokeless Gunpowder
Manufacture of Explosives
468,226 U 02/02/1892 4 William Painter Bottle Cap
Bottle-Sealing Device
492,767 U 02/28/1893 9 Edward G. Acheson Carborundum
Production of Artificial Crystalline Carbonaceous Materials
493,426 U 03/14/1893 13 Thomas Alva Edison Motion Picture
Apparatus for Exhibiting Photographs of Moving Objects
504,038 U 08/29/1893 7 Whitcomb L. Judson Zipper
Clasp Locker or Unlocker for Shoes
549,160 U 11/05/1895 6 George B. Selden Automobile
Road-Engine
558,936 U 04/28/1896 9 Joseph S. Duncan Addressograph
Addressing-Machine
586,193
re 11,913
U
R,d
07/13/1897
06/04/1901
56
24
Guglielmo Marconi Radio
Transmitting Electrical Signals
Radio
Transmitting Electrical Impulses and Signals and Apparatus Therefor
589,168
re 12,192
U
R
08/13/1897
01/12/1904
6
2
Thomas A. Edison Motion Picture Camera
Kinetographic Camera
Motion Picture Film

Kinetoscopic Film
608,845 U 08/09/1898 9 Rudolf Diesel Diesel Engine
Internal-Combustion Engine
621,195 U 03/14/1899 4 Ferdinand Graf Zepplin Dirigible
Navigable Balloon
644,077 U 02/27/1900 1 Felix Hoffmann Aspirin
Acetyl Salicylic Acid
661,619 U 11/13/1900 3 Valdemar Poulsen Magnetic Tape Recorder
Method of Recordings and Reproducing Sounds or Signals
708,553 U 09/09/1902 4 John P. Holland Submarine
Submarine Boat
745,157 U 11/24/1903 24 Clyde J. Coleman Electric Starter
Means for Operating Motor-Vehicles
766,768 U 08/02/1904 89 Michael J. Owens Automatic Glass Bottle Manufacturing
Glass-Shaping Machine
808,897 U 02/02/1906 5 Willis H. Carrier Air Conditioning
Apparatus for Treating Air
821,393 U 05/22/1906 18 Orville Wright
Wilbur Wright
Airplane
Flying-Machine
841,387 U 01/15/1907 6 Lee De Forest Triode Vacuum Tube
Device for Amplifying Feeble Electrical Currents
942,809 U 12/07/1909 8 Leo H. Baekeland Bakelite
Condensation Product and Method of Making Same
971,501 U 09/27/1910 6 Fritz Haber
Robert Le Rossignol
Ammonia Production
Production of Ammonia
1,005,186 U 10/10/1911 6 Henry Ford Automotive Transmission
Transmission Mechanism
1,008,577 U 11/14/1911 7 Ernst F. W. Alexanderson High Frequency Generator
High-Frequency Alternator
1,030,178 U 06/18/1912 7 Peter Cooper Hewitt Mercury Vapor Lamp
Apparatus for the Electrical Production of Light
1,082,933 U,d 12/30/1913 34 William D. Coolidge Tungsten Filament Light Bulb
Tungsten and Method of Making the Same for Use as Filaments of Incandescent Electric Lamps and for Other Purposes
1,102,653 U 07/07/1914 8 Robert H. Goddard Rocket
Rocket Apparatus
1,113,149 U 10/06/1914 18 Edwin H. Armstrong Wireless Receiver
Wireless Receiving System
1,115,674 U 11/03/1914 1 Mary P. Jacob Brassiere
Brassiere
1,180,159 U 04/18/1916 13 Irving Langmuir Gas Filled Electric Lamp
Incandescent Electric Lamp
1,203,495 U 10/31/1916 33 William D. Coolidge X-Ray Tube
Vacuum Tube
1,279,471 U 09/17/1918 64 Elmer A. Sperry Gyroscopic Compass
Gyroscopic Compass
1,413,121 U 04/18/1922 5 John Arthur Johnson Adjustable Wrench
Wrench
1,420,609 U 06/20/1922 26 Glenn H. Curtiss Hydroplane
Hydroaeroplane
1,573,846 U 02/23/1926 21 Thomas Midgley, Jr. Ethyl Gasoline
Method and Means for Using Motor Fuels
1,773,080 U 08/12/1930 2 Clarence Birdseye Frozen Food
1,773,980 U 08/26/1930 18 Philo T. Farnsworth Television
Television System
1,848,389 U 03/08/1932 15 Igor Sikorsky Helicopter
Aircraft, Especially Aircraft of the Direct Lift Amphibian Type and Means of Constructing and Operating The Same
1,941,066 U 12/26/1933 10 Edwin H. Armstrong FM Radio
Radio Signaling System
1,948,384 U 02/20/1934 17 Ernest O. Lawrence Cyclotron
Method and Apparatus for the Acceleration of Ions
2,021,907 U 11/26/1935 4 Vladimir K. Zworykin Television
Method of and Apparatus for Producing Images of Objects
2,059,884 U 11/03/1936 20 Leopold D. Mannes
Leopold Godowsky, Jr.
Color Film
Color Photography
2,071,250 U 02/16/1937 28 Wallace H. Carothers Nylon
Linear Condensation Polymers
2,153,729 U 04/11/1939 5 Ernest H. Volwiler
Donalee L. Tabern
Pentothal (General Anesthetic)
Thiobarbituric Acid Derivatives
2,206,634 U 07/02/1940 7 Enrico Fermi
Edoardo Amaldi
Bruno Pontecorvo
Franco Rasetti
Emilio Segre
Radioactive Isotopes
Process for the Production of Radioactive Substances
2,297,691 U 10/06/1942 27 Chester F. Carlson Xerography
Electrophotography
2,329,074 U 09/07/1943 6 Paul Muller DDT - Insecticide
Devitalizing Composition of Matter
2,404,334 U 07/16/1946 15 Frank Whittle Jet Engine
Aircraft Propulsion System and Power Unit
2,451,804 U 10/19/1948 23 Donald L. Campbell
Homer Z. Martin
Eger V. Murphree
Charles W. Tyson
Fluid Catalytic Cracking
Method of and Apparatus for Contacting Solids and Gases
2,524.035 U,c 10/03/1950 40 John Bardeen
Walter H. Brattain
Transistor
Three-Electrode Circuit Element Utilizing Semiconductor Materials
2,543,181 U 02/27/1951 116 Edwin H. Land Instant Photography
Photographic Product Comprising a Rupturable Container Carrying a Photographic Processing Liquid
2,569,347 U 09/25/1951 34 William Shockley Junction Transistor
Circuit Element Utilizing Semiconductive Material
2,668,661 U 02/09/1954 48 George R. Stibitz Modern Digital Computer
Complex Computer
2,682,050 U 06/22/1954 13 Andrew Alford Radio Navigation System
Localizer Antenna System
2,682,235 U 12/12/1951 13 Richard Buckminster Fuller Geodesic Dome
Building Construction
2,691,028 U 10/05/1954 7 Frank B. Colton First Oral Contraceptive
Estradiene Compounds
2,699,054 U 01/11/1955 18 Lloyd H. Conover Tetracycline
Tetracycline
2,708,656 U,c 05/17/1955 8 Enrico Fermi
Leo Szilard
Atomic Reactor
Neutronic Reactor
2,708,722 U 05/17/1955 34 An Wang Magnetic Core Memory
Pulse Transfer Controlling Devices
2,717,437 U 09/13/1955 4 George De Mestral Velcro
Velvet Type Fabric and Method of Producing Same
2,816,721 U 12/17/1957 4 R. J. Taylor Rocket Engine
Rocket Powered Aerial Vehicle
2,835,548 U 05/20/1958 9 Robert C. Baumann Satellite
Satellite Structure
2,866,012 U 12/23/1958 4 Charles P. Ginsburg
Shelby F. Henderson
Video Tape Recorder
Magnetic Tape Recording and Reproducing System
2,879,439 U 12/28/1958 10 Charles H. Townes Maser
Production of Electromagnetic Energy
2,929,922 U 03/22/1960 11 Arthur L. Shawlow
Charles H. Townes
Laser
Masers and Maser Communication System
2,956,114 U,c 10/11/1960 8 Charles P. Ginsburg
Shelby F. Henderson
Wideband Magnetic Tape System
Broad Band Magnetic Tape System and Method
2,981,877 U 04/25/1961 10 Robert N. Noyce Semiconductor Device-And-Lead Structure
Semiconductor Device-And-Lead Structure
3,093,346 U 06/11/1963 17 Maxime A. Faget
Andre J. Meyer, Jr.
Robert G. Chilton
William S. Blanchard, Jr.
Alan B. Kehlet
Jerome B. Hammack
Caldwell C. Johnson, Jr.
First Manned Space Capsule-Mercury
Space Capsule
3,118,022 U 01/14/1964 6 Gerhard M. Sessler
James E. West
Electret Microphone
Electroacoustic Transducer
3,156,523 U 11/10/1964 12 Glenn T. Seaborg Americium (Element 95)
Element 95 and Method of Producing Said Element

Key:
Patent #: The patent number assigned by the U.S. Patent Office
Type: U=Utility R=Reissue D=Design T=Trademark NA=Not Available, a=assignment, d=disclaimer, c=correction
Granted: The day the Patent Office granted the patent
Claims: The number legal claims inventor makes for protect him invention
Inventor: Name of inventor(s) to whom the patent was granted
Description: Commonly known invention name is listed in red. The actual invention name is listed in blue.



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